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MCQ of Paper 1 NTA UGC NET DEC 2018 Answer Key

ugc net December 2018 solved question paper

MCQ Previous Papers NTA UGC NET Solved Paper 1 Dec 2018

                  50 MCQ based on UGC NET DEC 2018 Answer Key
**As you are aware from Dec 2018 onwards NTA conducts the exam online and no Question papers were given to students, However, we have collected this question from our students and answer given is also based on Keys provided by NTA Agency Answer Key.  

1.) Which among the following is the best field of study to improve the ability of students to experiment and analyse?


(A) History

(B) Science

(C) Languages

(D) Economics

ANS.  (B) Experiments in science offer more organized scientific methods & tools for analysing the data through various means; Hence it has edge over other fields of study.

2.) A variable that is manipulated is known as:


(A) Dependent variable

(B) Control variable

(C) Independent variable

(D) Confounding variable

ANS. (C) A manipulated variable is the independent variable in an experiment. It’s called “manipulated” because it’s the one you can change. In other words, you can decide ahead of time to increase it or decrease it.


3.) Formulation of a research problem depends upon:

(a) What is the object behind the researcher’s choice?

(b) What are the specific questions?

(c) What is the conceptual model?

(d) What negative factors to research upon?

(e) Reasons for unlimiting the study.

(f) Construction of hypotheses.


(A) – (c), (d), (e) and (f)

(B) – (a), (b), (c) and (f)

(C) – (b), (c), (d) and (e)

(D) – (a), (c), (e) and (f)

ANS. (B) Formulation of the research problem should be based upon a specific problem on which a researcher wants to work. The researcher must be clear about the specific questions. A conceptual model should be framed through which a hypothesis can be formed. The main objective of the research is to resolve the problem and focus on solutions to ensure a productive output. The negativity should not be the factor for the formulation of research design. So, option A, B, C and F are true


4.) Suppose as a teacher you are training your students in public speaking and debate. Which among the following is most difficult to develop among the students?


(A) Voice modulation

(B) Concept formulation

(C) Using/Selecting an appropriate language

(D) Control over emotions

ANS.  (D) Students have a different perspective and viewpoint on the given topic and sometimes they lose their control over emotions causing heated arguments hence Control over emotions is a very difficult task for the teacher.


5.) Among the following which one is not an instructional material?


(A) Overhead projector

(B) Printed study guide

(C) Audio podcast

(D) YouTube video

ANS. (A – It’s pretty much clear from options, Overhead projector is an electronic device rest of others are the way to provide useful information in different forms such as print, audio, video materials.


6.) Artifacts that arise and affect the internal validity in research are:

(a) History

(b) Randomisation

(c) Maturity

(d) Instrumentation

(e) Experimental Mortality

(f) Matching


(A) (a), (c), (d) and (e)

(B) (d), (e), (f) and (b)

(C) (b), (c), (d) and (f)

(D) (a), (b), (c) and (d)

ANS. (A) The major threats to internal validity are history, maturation, testing, instrumentation, statistical regression, selection, experimental mortality, and selection-history interactions.


7.) The components of a research design are:

(a) Comparison

(b) Control

(c) Reactivity

(d) Manipulation

(e) Non-representativeness

(f) Generalisation


(A) (a), (b), (d) and (f)

(B) (a), (c), (e) and (f)

(C) (c), (d), (e) and (f)

(D) (b), (c), (d) and (e)



8.) The four major operations in scientific research are:

(a) Demonstration of co-variance

(b) Elimination of spurious relations

(c) Sequencing in terms of time-order

(d) Self-education

(e) Operationalisation of personal choice

(f) Theorisation


(A) (b), (c), (d) and (e)

(B) (a), (b), (c) and (f)

(C) (a), (b), (c) and (d)

(D) (c), (d), (e) and (f)



9.) Which among the following reflects best the quality of teaching in a classroom?


(A) Through the quality of questions asked by students in classroom

(B) Through observation of silence by the students in classroom

(C) Through full attendance in the classroom

(D) Through the use of many teaching aids in the classroom

ANS. A – This is a repeated question asked multiple times in NET exam with different wordings of Question

10.) Which among the following is the best advantage of the Choice Based Credit System?


(A) Helping teacher to complete syllabus on time

(B) The shift in focus from teacher-centric to student-centric education

(C) Improving classroom attendance

(D) Reducing examination anxiety among students

ANS. B CBCS is the mother of learner-centric educational reforms. A student is provided with an academically rich, highly flexible learning system with a vital provision for skill practice and activity orientation that the learner could learn in-depth without sacrificing his creativity. A student can exercise the option to decide his own pace of learning, plan and sequence his choice of paper, learn to face challenges through term work/ project work/ and may venture out to acquire extra knowledge/ proficiency through add on facilities.


Read the following passage carefully and answer question 11 to 15:

Singapore has long advocated for India to take up its role as an integral part of the region. It is gratifying to see how ASEAN-India relations have grown during the past 25 years. In 1991, when the cold war ended and India began its economic liberalization, Singapore saw an opportunity to deepen ties and build on its historical and cultural links with the Asian region. Singapore pushed for India to become a full ASEAN dialogue partner in 1995 and join the EAS in 1995 and since then, ASEAN-India ties have strengthened. All in all, around 30 platforms for co-operation exist, including seven ministerial dialogues and the Annual leader summit. However, there is scope for more and it is a must. For instance, there are tremendous opportunities in enhancing physical and digital connectivity between India and ASEAN. ASEAN is committed to strengthening land, air and sea linkages with India. These linkages will enhance people-to-people flows, as well as boost business, investment and tourism. The India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway will connect India’s Northeast to mainland Southeast Asia. While one can fly directly between India and several ASEAN countries, there is still much room to expand air links to support growing business and tourism. Beyond physical linkages, digital connectivity is the new frontier in the fourth industrial revolution. India has made great progress in innovation, startups and digital inclusion. There are opportunities to apply initiative such as Aadhaar in our region. E-commerce and FinTech are two other areas of potential collaboration. As an economic hub, Singapore can serve as a springboard to launch these ideas to Southeast Asia and beyond. India’s role in ASEAN should be anchored by growing economic ties with Singapore. The economic integration involving 16 countries with one-third of global GDP and trade will create an integrated Asian market.


11.) Who can be India’s launchpad for an integrated Asian market as per the passage?


(A) Southeast Asia

(B) Myanmar

(C) Singapore

(D) Thailand



12.) What prompted Singapore to opt for stronger ties with India?


(A) Economic liberalization in India

(B) End of Cold War

(C) Geo-political equations

(D) Historical past



13.) The areas of collaboration between India and ASEAN are:

(a) FinTech

(b) Aadhaar

(c) E-commerce

(d) Digital backwardness

(e) Trilateral highways

(f) Fourth Industrial Revolution


(A) (a), (b), (c) and (d)

(B) (a), (c), (e) and (f)

(C) (c), (d), (e) and (f)

(D) (b), (c), (d) and (e)



14.) What is needed to encourage tourism between India and ASEAN?


(A) Innovation

(B) Air links

(C) Start-ups

(D) Waterways



15.) The commitments of ASEAN with India is :


(A) More and more dialogues

(B) Offer political platforms

(C) Hold leadership summits

(D) Improving transport links



16.) Jenifer’s father-in-law is my brother. Helen is a grand-daughter of my mother. How is Helen related to Jenifer?


(A) Daughter-in-law

(B) Mother

(C) Sister-in-law

(D) Sister

ANS. C Helen is the sister-in-law of Jenifer.


17.) Among the following there are two statements which can’t be true together, but can be false together. Select the code that represents them.


(a) All poets are dreamers.

(b) No poets are dreamers.

(c) Some poets are dreamers.

(d) Some poets are not dreamers.


(A) (b) and (d)

(B) (a) and (d)

(C) (c) and (d)

(D) (a) and (b)



18.) Truth and falsity are attributes of:


(A) Debates

(B) Arguments

(C) Propositions

(D) Opinions



19.) if ABODE is coded as ADRHJ, then the code for AGRO will be:








20.) Which one of the following can be validly inferred from the proposition- “All animals are wild”?


(A) Some animals are not wild.

(B) No non-animals are wild.

(C) Some animals are wild.

(D) No animals are wild.



21.) The next term in the letter series DEF, HIJ, LMN, PQR, TUV, _____ is:






ANS. D , ‘XYZ’ is the correct answer to the series. letters in each term are
consecutive with the difference of 4 with the next member.


22.) In the digital era, there is a fear that classroom communication may result in:


(A) Quick adaptation

(B) Stimulation

(C) Over-stimulation

(D) Passive adaptation

ANS. C In the digital era, there is a fear that classroom communication may
result in overstimulation.


23.) The next term in the series 0, 1, 9, 36, 100, __________ is:


(A) 225

(B) 196

(C) 216

(D) 164

ANS. A , Here the addition ‘+1’, ‘+2’, ‘+3’ and ‘+4’ has been shown only for
the terms 0, 1, 3, 6 and 10. Hence, the next term which should be added as per the pattern will be +5 i.e., 10 + 5 = 15 and 15** 2 = 225.


24.) Under which of the conditions, an argument may be valid? Select the correct answer from the code given below:


(a) When its conclusion and premises are true.

(b) Even when its conclusion and one or more of its premises are false.

(c) Only when its conclusion is true.


(A) (a) and (b)

(B) (a) alone

(C) (c) alone

(D) (a) and (c)



25.) Non-verbal communication is considered:


(A) Informal

(B) Precise

(C) Culture-free

(D) Formal



26.) The rhetorical approach in classroom communication considers teachers as _______agents of students.


(A) Official

(B) Academic

(C) Non-official

(D) Influencing

ANS. D, The rhetorical approach in classroom communication considers
teachers as influencing agents of students. It is the teacher who
regulates his/her class upon the basis of his knowledge and that knowledge can only be delivered through the interaction between the teacher and students.


27.) Given below are two premises (a)and (b). Four conclusions are drawn from them. Select the code that states validly drawn conclusion(s). [taking the premises individually or jointly]


(a) All judges are lawyers.

(b) No doctors are lawyers.


(i) No lawyers are doctors.

(ii) No doctors are judges.

(iii) All lawyers are judges.

(iv) Some doctors are judges.


(A) (i) and (iii)

(B) (i) and (iv)

(C) (i) and (ii)

(D) (ii) and (iii)



28.) Negative criticism as an element of classroom communication will lead to:

(a) External sympathy

(b) Justification

(c) Defensiveness

(d) De-motivation

(e) Supportive listening

(f) Confrontational empathy


(A) (c), (d) and (e)

(B) (b), (c) and (d)

(C) (a), (b) and (c)

(D) (d), (e) and (f)



29.) Choose the word which is different from the rest:


(A) Aravali Hills

(B) Nilgiri Hills

(C) Shivalik Hills

(D) Mount Kilimanjaro



30.) Assertion(A) : Teacher communication is central to classroom management.

Reason (R) : Teacher communication behaviours should not be used to regulate the classroom behaviour of students.


(A) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true.

(C) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(D) (A) is true, but (R) is false.



Analyze the following data carefully and answer question 31 to 33:

Data on % of villages not electrified in 6 states is given below (in the year 2000):


State % of villages not electrified
A 25%
B 45%
C 20%
D 60%
E 55%
F 30%


Answer the following three questions:

31.) How many States have atleast 50% or more electrified villages?


(A) 2

(B) 4

(C) 1

(D) 3

ANS. B        


32.) In the year 2000, the total number of villages in State D was 15,000. In the year 2010, the total number of villages had increased to 20,000 out of which 10,000 villages were yet to be electrified. The % of villages not electrified in 2010 in State D has thus __________.


(A) Come down

(B) Cannot be computed

(C) Gone up

(D) Not enough data



33.) Which State has twice the percentage of electrified villages in comparison to State D?


(A) State C

(B) State D

(C) State A

(D) State B



Analyze the following data carefully and answer question 34 to 37:

Data on education index in a few States is given below:

State Name % of villages not electrified
A 20%
B 25%
C 23%
D 17%
E 16%
F 21%
G 15%


Answer the following two questions:


34.) If the population for state F is 2.6 lakhs, what is the population below education index?


(A) 0.546 lakhs

(B) 0.390 lakhs

(C) 51000

(D) 49000



35.) If the total population of State A was 5 lakhs while the population in State B was 2 lakhs, the number of people below education index will be:


(A) Equal in State A and B

(B) Cannot be calculated

(C) Higher in State B

(D) Higher in State A



36.) A small text file stored on user’s computer by some websites in order to recognize and keep track of user’s preferences is called:


(A) History

(B) Report

(C) Log

(D) Cookie

ANS. D Cookies provide a way for the website to recognize you and keep track of your preferences. Cookies are commonly used to “maintain the state” of a browser session.

37.) In which year Education Commission under the chairmanship of Dr. D.S. Kothari was setup?


(A) 1960

(B) 1964

(C) 1955

(D) 1952

ANS. B The Indian Education Commission popularly known as Kothari Education Commission (1964-66) was set up by the government of India on July 14, 1964, under the chairmanship of Dr. D.S.Kothari Kothari.

38.) In a computer, if 8 bits are used to specify address in memory, the total number of addresses will be:


(A) 512

(B) 256

(C) 8

(D) 216



39.) Which of the following was launched in 2013 with the purpose to provide strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions?


(A) All India Council for Technical Education

(B) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

(C) Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan

(D) Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan

ANS. D , RUSA is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (C.S.S.), launched in 2013 aims at providing strategic funding to the eligible state Higher Educational Institutions. The Central Funding (in the ratio of 65:35 for the General Category States and 90:10 for the Special Category States) would be norm based and outcome dependent.


40.) A source of renewable power which can be developed with minimum cost is:


(A) Geothermal energy

(B) Tidal power

(C) Wind mills

(D) Biomass power



41.) Natural vegetation of an area needs to be preserved for the future, mainly for the purpose of:


(A) Providing material for breeding new species

(B) Study by scientists

(C) Preventing soil erosion

(D) Providing habitat for birds



42.) How much carbon is being added to the atmosphere by burning of fossil fuels?


(A) 6 – 9 billion tons

(B) 2 – 6 billion tons

(C) 9 – 12 billion tons

(D) 4 – 6 billion tons



43.) __________ denotes an error in a computer program.


(A) Virus

(B) Bug

(C) Spam

(D) Bit

ANS. B In computer programming, a logic error is a bug in a program that causes it to operate incorrectly, but not to terminate abnormally (or crash)

44.) The National Knowledge Commission (NKC) was established in which year?


(A) 2007

(B) 2005

(C) 1998

(D) 2000

ANS. B National Knowledge Commission was an Indian think-tank charged with considering possible policies that might sharpen India’s comparative advantage in the knowledge-intensive service sectors. It was constituted on 13 June 2005, by the Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh.


45.) The output quality of a printer is measured by:


(A) Digits per inch

(B) Dots per inch

(C) Dots per cm

(D) Dots per mm

ANS. B , The output quality of a printer is measured by Dots per inch. In printing, DPI refers to the output resolution of a printer and PPI refers to the input resolution of a photograph or image.


46.) The annual range of temperature in the interior of the continents is high compared to coastal areas. What is/are the reason(s)?

(a) Thermal difference between land and water.

(b) Variations in altitude between continents and oceans.

(c) Presence of strong winds in the interior.

(d) Heavy rains in the interior as compared to coastal region.


(A) (a) only

(B) (a), (b), (c) and (d)

(C) (b) and (c) only

(D) (a) and (b) only



47.) The University Grants Commission (UGC) was formally inaugurated on 28 December 1953 by whom among the following?


(A) Sh. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

(B) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

(C) Mrs. Indira Gandhi

(D) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

ANS. A University Grants Commission was formally inaugurated by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Minister of Education, Natural Resources and Scientific Research, on 28 December 1953. However, the UGC got the status of statutory body of the Indian Government through an act of Parliament in November 1956.


48.) Which of the following are audio file formats?

(a) .wav

(b) .aac

(c) .wmv

(d) .flv


(A) (b) and (c)

(B) (a) and (d)

(C) (c) and (d)

(D) (a) and (b)

ANS. D The most common uncompressed audio formats are WAV, AIFF, AU, PCM or BWF.  While Audio Formats With Lossy Compression are MP3,  AAC, OGG  etc.


49.) In which part of India, the tropical western Ghats are situated?


(A) Punjab

(B) Kerala

(C) Rajasthan

(D) Assam

ANS. B, The Western Ghats extend from the Satpura Range in the north, stretching from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu. It traverses south through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala.


50.) The University Grants Commission has a Scheme for “ Human Rights and Values in Education”. Under this Scheme, which statement is incorrect among the following for ‘Human Rights and Duties Education’ component?


(A) To establish value and wellness centres in schools.

(B) To encourage research activities.

(C) To sensitize the citizens so that the norms and values of human rights are realized.

(D) To develop interaction between society and educational institutions.





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