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TEACHING TECHNIQUES –Part 1 |UGC NET TEACHING Aptitude

TEACHING TECHNIQUES –Part 1 |UGC NET TEACHING Aptitude

TEACHING TECHNIQUES  Objective

At the end of this blog you should be able to understand different TEACHING TECHNIQUES methods
• We will explain the meaning of teaching and learning
• Describe various techniques and strategies for teaching
• Describe the roles of the teachers and the learners in instruction
• Explain different methods of sustaining effective classroom organization
• Demonstrate the use of various techniques for assessing and evaluating learning

Introduction

Teaching and learning are the two sides of a coin. The most accepted criterion for measuring good teaching is the amount of student learning that occurs. There are consistently high correlations between students’ ratings of the “amount learned” in the course and their overall ratings of the teacher and the course.
Those who learned more gave their teachers higher ratings (Cohen, 1981; Theall and Franklin, 2001).

“Tell me, I forget. Show me, I remember. Involve me, I understand.”

Methods of Teaching

Lecture Method

• It creates new ideas.
• It is good for large class.
• Teacher is experienced and has mastery on subject, explain all points and can answer all questions raised by students.
• Students can ask if they need any clarification.
• Learn through listening
• Teacher explains all points.
• Students give their input
• Teacher discuss whole topic in the class in easy language students can easily understand the topic.
• It is good for large class.
• Teacher provides all knowledge related to topic.
• Time saving as teacher is supposed to finish lecture in time.
• Students give their views at the end of lecture.
• Students can ask question if they have any problem to understand lecture.
• Students attentively listen lecture and take notes as the teacher ask questions at the end of lecture.
• Students know and understand basic concepts.
• It creates new ideas.
• Teacher knows all the students so he/she can use suitable strategies for the class to make them understand.
• Teacher is experienced and has mastery on subject and can answer all questions by students.
• Teacher share information with students so it creates interest in students.
• Students are more involved and participate when teacher ask question.
• Teacher provides notes.
• Students easily understand every point.
• Students share knowledge with teacher.
• Teacher is role model for students.

Group discussion:

• Students listen to other’s opinion & express their opinion.
• Discuss with teachers the points that were missed during discussion.
• Students learn on their own & find out key points.
• Students exchange their ideas.
• Students get point of view of all and not only those who always speak.
• After discussion when students give their presentation, teacher corrects their mistakes.
• Students can make their own notes.
• The learning is more effective.
• They don’t have to rely on rote learning.
• Develops creativity among students.
• It evokes thinking among students.
• Students have time for preparation of topic.
• Students should have material and knowledge before discussion. Suggestion
• Only those students participate who have confidence rest do not participate.
• Concepts become clear after discussion.
• Every student gives his/ her opinion.

Individual presentation

• Hamm (2008) quoted Rafe; “A presentation involves motivating listeners to accept a new idea, alter an existing
opinion, or act on a given premise.”
• Students first thoroughly understand the topic before giving presentation i.e. mastery on topic.
• It increases confidence among students.
• Good way to learn for only one student who is presenting.
• Students search lot of books to collect material
• Teacher’s supervision is important

Assignment

• It enhances the ability of research on any topic as the students search topic from different books, websites etc.
• Active learning

Seminars

• Give Chance to meet other people of same profession.
• Motivate and make student active in learning.
• Interested method.

Workshops

• Give Chance to meet other people of same profession.

Conferences

• Give Chance to meet other people of same profession.
• Networking with other institutions and professionals.

Brain storming

• More interesting
• More informative
• Gain knowledge
• Learning is effective
• More participation of students
• Students give their opinion
• Active learning
• Creative thinking is encouraged.
• Students think beyond their knowledge.
• Every one gets the chance to express their thoughts.
• Simple topics can be learnt through different angles.

Role play

• Interesting method
• Creative thinking is encouraged.
• Students think beyond their knowledge.
• Students enjoy the situation
• Active learning
• Easy to learn

Case study

• Active learning
• Creative thinking is encouraged.
• Students think beyond their knowledge.

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