Important Study Notes For Research Methodology Topics for NTA UGC NET EXAM
UGC NET Study materiel on Research Topics for NET Exam has been covered entirely based on topics provided in syllabus.
In the 7 Parts series which can be referred using below , the first six parts contains important short study notes useful for your paper 1 preparation while the 7th part contains solved question papers of last almost 12 years MCQ Question which are asked in previous examination.
Please go through them in sequential fashion to understand them in better ways.
Unit-II Research Aptitude
- Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Post- positivistic approach to research.
- Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative methods.[[This Article]]
- Steps of Research.
- Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.
- Application of ICT in research.[Newly added in 2019 Syllabus]
- Research ethics.[Coming soon]
- Solved Question Paper Based on previously asked [Last 12 Year]
Research Methods And Research Methodology
Is there any difference between research methods and research methodology?
|Research methods are the various procedures, schemes and algorithms used in research. All the methods used by a researcher during a research study are termed as research methods.
They are essentially planned, scientific and value-neutral. They include theoretical procedures, experimental studies, numerical schemes, statistical approaches, etc.
Research methods help us collect samples, data and find a solution to a problem. Particularly, scientific research methods call for explanations based on collected facts, measurements and observations and not on reasoning alone.
They accept only those explanations which can be verified by experiments.
|Research methodology is a systematic way to solve a problem.
It is a science of studying how research is to be carried out. Essentially, the procedures by which researchers go about their work of describing, explaining and predicting phenomena are called research methodology.
It is also defined as the study of methods by which knowledge is gained.
Its aim is to give the work plan of research.
Quantitative and Qualitative Methods
The basic and applied researches can be quantitative or qualitative or even both. Quantitative research is based on the measurement of quantity or amount. Here a process is expressed or described in terms of one or more quantities.
The result of this research is essentially a number or a set of numbers. Some of the characteristics of qualitative research/method are:
• It is numerical, non-descriptive, applies statistics or mathematics and uses numbers.
• It is an iterative process whereby evidence is evaluated.
• The results are often presented in tables and graphs.
• It is conclusive.
• It investigates the what, where and when of decision making
Where as the Qualitative research is concerned with qualitative phenomenon involving quality. Some of the characteristics of qualitative research/method are:
• It is non-numerical, descriptive, applies reasoning and uses words.
• Its aim is to get the meaning, feeling and describe the situation.
• Qualitative data cannot be graphed.
• It is exploratory.
• It investigates the why and how of decision making
Types of Sampling
We may then consider different types of probability samples. Although there are a number of different methods that might be used to create a sample, they generally can be grouped into one of two categories:probability samples or non-probability samples.
The idea behind this type is random selection. More specifically, each sample from the population of interest has a known probability of selection under a given sampling scheme. There are four categories of probability samples described below
Social research is often conducted in situations where a researcher cannot select the kinds of probability samples used in large-scale social surveys. For example, say you wanted to study homelessness – there is no list of homeless individuals nor are you likely to create such a list. However, you need to get some kind of a sample of respondents in order to conduct your research. To gather such a sample, you would likely use some form of non-probability sampling.
To reiterate, the primary difference between probability methods of sampling and non-probability methods is that in the latter you do not know the likelihood that any element of a population will be selected for study.
There are four primary types of non-probability sampling methods:
- Availability Sampling
- Quota Sampling
- Purposive Sampling
- Snowball Sampling
1. Dawson, Catherine, 2002, Practical Research Methods, New Delhi, UBS Publishers’Distributors
2. Kothari, C.R.,1985, Research Methodology- Methods and Techniques, New Delhi, Wiley Eastern Limited.
3. Kumar, Ranjit, 2005, Research Methodology-A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners,(2nd.ed.),Singapore, Pearson Education.
4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY S. Rajasekar School of Physics, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli – 620 024, Tamilnadu, India∗