Best Guide for NTA NET Exam Paper1

Key Study Notes On Higher Education System in India

UGC NET Paper 1 Higher Education System Section Key Study Notes

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If you are preparing for UGC NET examination you need to keep eye on recent happening in  Higher Education System space.

It has been seen that most of the time question was asked based on some factual data & new adaptation or Changes in policy.

If we talk about the syllabus of (UGC) NET Paper 1 Higher Education System section for Paper 1 Questions were lies in one of following sectors.

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So it’s important to have basic ideas of following topics:-

  • Understanding of organization and governance in higher education.(Different type of college and universities )
  • Various institutions of higher education.
  • Higher education governance, administration, and educational politics.(NEW EDUCATION POLICY)
  • Specific organizational policy goals and implementation(UGC,NAAC,AICTE)
  • Changing organizations and systems.(Recent Changes)

Let’s have look at some important topics & key facts based on the higher education system.

1 Department of Higher Education

The Department of Higher Education, MHRD, is responsible for the overall development of the basic infrastructure of Higher Education sector, both in terms of policy and planning. Under a planned development process, the Department looks after expansion of access and qualitative improvement in the Higher Education, through world-class Universities, Colleges and other Institutions.

Role of Department of Higher Education

  • Enhancement of Gross Enrolment Ratio by expanding access through all modes.
  • Promoting the participation of these sections of the society whose GER is lower than the national average.
  • To improve quality and to promote academic reforms
  • Setting up of new educational institutions and also capacity expansion and improvement of the existing institutions.
  • Use of Technology in Higher Education.
  • Development of Vocational Education and Skill Development.
  • Development of Indian Languages.
  • International Collaboration in the field of education.
[Source – ]

2 Regulatory Framework in India

Regulatory Framework in India

3 Important APEX BODY in Higher Education

  • All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE)
  • Council of Architecture (COA)
  • Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR)
  • Indian Council of Philosophical Research (ICPR)
  • Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR)
  • University Grants Commission (UGC)

4 Statutory professional councils

  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
  • Distance Education Council (DEC)
  • Indian Council for Agriculture Research (lCAR)
  • Bar Council of India(BCI)
  • National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
  • Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)
  • Medical Council of India (MCI)
  • Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
  • Indian Nursing Council (INC)
  • Dentist Council of India (DCI)
  • Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)
  • Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)

5 Important Abbreviation to remember

  • National Research Professorship (NRP)
  • National Institute of Technical Teacher’s Training & Research(NITTTR)
  • Educational Consultants of India Limited (EdCIL)
  • Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR)
  • National Book Trust of India(NBT)
  •  Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE)
  • All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE)
  • The Indira Gandhi National Tribal University (IGNTU)
  • National Assessment and Accredition Council (NAAC)
  • National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF): The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) has been approved by the MHRD and launched by Honourable Minister of Human Resource Development on 29th September 2015.

6 Important Portals by Department of Higher Education



IMPRINT is the first of its kind MHRD supported Pan-IIT + IISc joint initiative to address the major science and engineering challenges that India must address and champion to enable, empower and embolden the nation for inclusive growth and self-reliance.

The implementation of 141 IMPRINT projects has got underway. These projects have received support from several ministries, councils and departments in addition to the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Read More at –


National Institutional Ranking Framework

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) has been accepted by the MHRD and launched by Honourable Minister for Human Resource development on 29th September 2015. This framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country.

  • For India Rankings – 2017, the main ranking parameters remain the same. However, there are a few significant changes in a few sub-parameters. Also, this year every large institution will be given a common overall rank as well as a discipline-specific rank as applicable. Details are in the Ranking Document available at
  • Ranking Report 0f 2017-



SWAYAM is an instrument for self-actualisation providing opportunities for a life-long learning. Here learner can choose from hundreds of courses, virtually every course that is taught at the university/ college/school level and these shall be offered by best of the teachers in India and elsewhere. If a student is studying in any college, he/she can transfer the credits earned by taking these courses into their academic record.

The courses hosted on SWAYAM will be in 4 quadrants – (1) video lecture, (2) specially prepared reading material that can be downloaded/printed (3) self-assessment tests through tests and quizzes and (4) an online discussion forum for clearing the doubts.

Steps have been taken to enrich the learning experience by using audio-video and multi-media and state of the art pedagogy/technology.

In order to ensure best quality content are produced and delivered, seven National Coordinators have been appointed: They are NPTEL for engineering, UGC for post-graduation education, CEC for undergraduate education, NCERT & NIOS for school education, IGNOU for out of the school students and, for management studies.


Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan

The Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan is the central government’s contribution to further the promise held by the rich expanse of India’s state universities. The country’s future lies in empowering these campuses with all that it takes to enhance learning, better research and promote innovation. A centrally sponsored scheme, RUSA understands that sometimes the most important lessons of life are learnt outside the classroom. So whether it is upgrading libraries or computer laboratories, promoting autonomous colleges or clubbing them to consolidate their strength and forming cluster universities, this programme realizes that every institution holds the power to enrich lives through top-class education.

The salient objectives of RUSA are:

  • Improve the overall quality of state institutions by ensuring conformity to prescribed norms and standards and adopt accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework
  • Usher transformative reforms in the state higher education system by creating a facilitative institutional structure for planning and monitoring at the state level, promoting autonomy in State Universities and improving governance in institutions
  • Ensure reforms in the affiliation, academic and examination systems
  • Ensure adequate availability of quality faculty in all higher educational institutions and promote capacity building at all levels of employment
  • Create an enabling atmosphere in the higher educational institutions to promote research and innovation
  • Expand institutional base by creating additional capacity in existing institutions and establish new institutions, to achieve higher enrollment
  • Correct the regional imbalances in terms of access to higher education by setting up institutions in un-served and underserved areas of the country
  • Improve equity in higher education by providing adequate opportunities of higher education to SC/STs and socially and educationally backward classes; promote inclusion of women, minorities, and differently abled persons



To prepare a sound database on Higher Education, Ministry launched All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) to collect data from all the institutions of higher learning in the country through electronic mode.

Keeping this in view, a new plan scheme Higher Education Statistics & Public Information System (HESPIS) was proposed in XII Five Year Plan.

The survey is being conducted in an electronic mode for which a centralised portal ( has been developed wherein each Institution has to register and upload the data.


National Academic Depository

National Academic Depository (NAD) is born out of an initiative to provide an online store house of all academic awards. National Academic Depository (NAD) is a 24X7 online storehouse of all academic awards viz.certificates, diplomas, degrees, mark-sheets etc. duly digitised and lodged by academic institutions / boards / eligibility assessment bodies.

NAD not only ensures easy access to and retrieval of an academic award but also validates and guarantees its authenticity and safe storage.

National Academic Depository comprises of two interoperable digital depositories viz. CDSL Ventures Limited (CVL) and NSDL Database Management Limited (NDML). These digital depositories have ensured hardware, network facilities and software of prescribed quality for smooth and secured operationalisation of NAD.

The users of the NAD system are free to select either of the depositories for registering/on-boarding NAD.

The users may select either CVL or NDML as their preferred depository for registering onto NAD. The links of the two depositories are available under. The user may click on the link of either of the depositories, which shall re-direct them to respective depository’s website. Further details relating to the registration process is available on their respective websites.

Govt. of India approved a new program titled Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN) in Higher Education aimed at tapping the talent pool of scientists and entrepreneurs, internationally to encourage their engagement with the institutes of Higher Education in India so as to augment the country’s existing academic resources.


7 Major Focused Indian Govt Initiatives

Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi launched the Skill India initiative – ‘Kaushal Bharat, Kushal Bharat’. Under this initiative, the government has set itself a target of training 400 million citizens by 2022 that would enable them to find jobs. The initiatives launched include various programmes like: Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015, Skill Loan scheme, and the National Skill Development Mission.

  • PMKVY is the flagship program under the Skill India Initiative and it includes incentivising skill training by providing financial rewards on completion of training to the participants. Over the next year 2.4 million Indians are believed to be benefitted from this scheme.
  • National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015 is India’s first integrated program to develop skill and promote entrepreneurship simultaneously. The vision of this programme is to skill the Indian youth rapidly with high standards and at the same time promote entrepreneurship thus creating wealth and gainful employment for the citizens.
  • Skill Loan Scheme is designed to disburse loans of Rs 5,000 (US$ 75.3) to Rs 150,000 (US$ 2,260) to 3.4 million Indians planning to develop their skills in the next five years.
  • The National Skill Development Mission is developed to expedite the implementation of skilling activities in India by providing the robust institutional framework at the centre and the state.

The National Skill Development Corporation of India (NSDC) under a Public Private Partnership promoted by the Ministry of Finance, Government of India signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Center for Research & Industrial Staff Performance (CRISP), India to explore national and international opportunities for strengthening skills development in India.

[Source Courtesy  An initiative of the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India]


8 The Union budget 2016-17 Provisions for the Education Sector

  • 10 public and 10 private educational institutions to be made world-class
  • 62 new Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNV) to provide quality education
  • Digital literacy scheme to be launched for covering six crore additional rural households
  • National Web Portal for the promotion of National Apprenticeship Scheme for Graduates, Diploma holders and 10+2 pass-outs vocational certificate holders.
  • The Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry has entered into a partnership with private companies, including Tata Motors Ltd, Tata Consultancy Services Ltd and real-estate firm Hubtown Ltd, to open three Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), through Public-Private Partnership (PPP), at Nagpur, Ranchi, and Pune.

Source RUSA

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  1. Argha says

    Madam please update the next part of people and environment section.

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