200+ Common Abbreviations and Terminology in ICT
Abbreviations and Terminology in ICT for UGC NET
List of Abbreviations and Terminology in ICT for UGC NET
Bearing these in mind, We have carefully put up this list to show them common ICT Abbreviations as well as their full meanings below for UGC NET Paper 1 Test.
Common Computer Abbreviations
• AGP –>Accelerated Graphic Port
• PC –>Personal Computer
• EPROM –>Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
• BIOS –>Basic Input and Output System
• HDD –>Hard Disk Drive
• PCI –>Peripheral Component Interconnect
• UNIVAC –>Universal Automatic Computer
• GUI –>Graphic User Interface
• USB –>Universal Serial Board
• VGA –>Visual Graphic Adaptor
• MAN –>Metropolitan Area Network
• ASCII –>American Standard Code for Information Interchange
• WAN –>Wide Area Network
• EBCDIC –>Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
• LAN –>Local Area Network
• EEPROM/EAPROM –>Electrical Erasable/Alterable Programmable Read Only Memory
• CPU –>Central Processing Unit
• OS –>Operating System
• ALU –>Arithmetic and Logic Unit
• DVD –>Digital Versatile Disc
• CD –>Compact Disk
• ROM –>Read Only Memory
• VDU –>Visual Display Unit
• RAM –>Random Access Memory
• ICT –>Information Communication Technology
• PROM –>Programmable Read Only Memory
• URL –>Universal Resource Locator
• IDE –>Integrated Drive Electronics
• FORTRAN –>Formular Translator
• MOS –>Metaoxide Semi Conductor
• ATX –>Advanced Technology Extended
• SIM –>Subscriber Identification Module
• MHZ –>Megahertz
• ISP –>Internet Service Provider
• GHZ –>Gigahertz
• DBMS –>Database Management System
• SQL –>Structured Query Language
• RW –>Re-Writeable
• SDT –>Serial Data Transmission
• CAN –>Campus Area Network
• SIMMs –>Single In-line Memory Module
• PAN –>Personal Area Network
• DIMMs –>Dual In-line Memory Module
• CMOS –>Complimentary Metaoxide Semi Conductor
• ENIAC –>Electronic Number Integrator And Calculator
• CMD –>Command
• EDSAC –>Electronic Dialog Storage Automatic Computer
• MAC –>Media Access Control
• IC –>Integrated Circuit
• LSIC –>Large Scale Integrated Circuit
• DIR –>Directory
• GIGO –>Gabbage In Gabbage Out
• PHP –>PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
• DOC –>Document
• PDT –>Parallel Data Transmission
• PDA –>Personal Digital Assistant
• USSD –>Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
• WWW –>World Wide Web
• COBOL –>Common Basic Oriented Language
• CCNP –>Cisco Certified Network Professionals
• BASIC –>Beginner All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
• CEH –>Certified Ethical Hacking
• TCP –>Transmission Control Protocol
• CSS –>Cascading Style Sheet
• CISCO –>Computer Information System Company
• XXS –>Cross Site Scripting
• XML –>Extensible Mark-up Language
• HTML –>Hypertext Markup Language
• CCNA –>Cisco Certified Network Associate
• RFI –>Remote File Inclusion
• HTTP –>Hypertext Transfer Protocol
• DDOS –>Distribution Denial Of Service
• VPN –>Virtual Private Network
• SEO –>Search Engine Optimization
• IP Internet Protocol
Operating Systems and Data Storage Based
- BIOS – This is the Basic Input Output System which controls the computer, telling it what operations to perform. These instructions are on a chip that connects to the motherboard.
- BYTE – A byte is a storage unit for data.
“K” is a Kilobyte which is 1024 bytes.
“MB” is a Megabyte which is a million bytes.
“GB” is a Gigabyte, which equals 1000 megabytes.
- CPU – This stands for the Central Processing Unit of the computer. This is like the computer’s brain.
- MAC – This is an abbreviation for Macintosh, which is a type of personal computer made by the Apple Computer company.
- OS – This is the Operating System of the computer. It is the main program that runs on a computer and begins automatically when the computer is turned on.
- PC – This is the abbreviation for personal computer. It refers to computers that are IBM compatible.
- PDF – This represents the Portable Document Format which displays files in a format that is ready for the web.
- RAM – This stands for Random Access Memory which is the space inside the computer that can be accessed at one time. If you increase the amount of RAM, then you will increase the computer’s speed. This is because more of a particular program is able to be loaded at one time.
- ROM – This is Read Only Memory which is the instruction for the computer and can not be altered.
- VGA – The Video Graphics Array is a system for displaying graphics. It was developed by IBM.
- WYSIWYG – This initialism stands for What You See Is What You Get. It is pronounced “wizziwig” and basically means that the printer will print what you see on your monitor.
Connecting to the Internet Network Based
- FTP – This is a service called File Transport Protocol which moves a file between computers using the Internet.
- HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language formats information so it can be transported on the Internet.
- HTTP – Hypertext Transfer Protocol is a set of instructions for the software that controls the movement of files on the Internet.
- IP – This stands for Internet Protocol which is the set of rules that govern the systems connected to the Internet. IP Address is a digital code specific to each computer that is hooked up to the Internet.
- ISP – The Internet Service Provider is the company which provides Internet service so you can connect your computer to the Internet.
- LAN – This stands for Local Area Network which is the servers that your computer connects to in your geographic area.
- PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol is the set of rules that allow your computer to use the Internet protocols using a phone line and modem.
- URL – This is the Uniform Resource Locator which is a path to a certain file on the World Wide Web.
- USB – The Universal Serial Bus is used for communications between certain devices. It can connect keyboards, cameras, printers, mice, flash drives, and other devices. Its use has expanded from personal computers to PDAs, smartphones, and video games, and is used as a power cord to connect devices to a wall outlet to charge them.
- VR – Virtual Reality simulates a three-dimensional scene on the computer and has the capability of interaction. This is widely used in gaming.
- VRML – Virtual Reality Markup Language allows the display of 3D images.
Some Common Email Abbreviations
Here is a list of email abbreviations that are commonly used to get your point across in less time and fewer keystrokes:
- 2G4U – Too Good For You
- AWHFY – Are We Having Fun Yet?
- AYPI – And Your Point Is?
- GAL – Get A Life
- GMTA – Great Minds Think Alike
- J4F – Just For Fun
- KISS – Keep it Simple, Stupid
- QL – Quit Laughing!
- RUOK – Are you Okay?
- SITD – Still In The Dark
- TIC – Tongue In Cheek
- WYSIWYG – What You See Is What You Get
- YYSSW – Yeah Yeah Sure Sure Whatever
- ZZZ – Sleeping, Bored, Tired
In Additions, questions, corrections and contributions to the above list are allowed. So feel free to send them in using the comment box below for prompt attention, consideration and support.
Or read the content given in reference materials –
REFERENCES study materials:-
More than 10 different online ICT glossaries are referenced in the Glossary, which significant contributions from:
1. Glossary of Computer Crime Terms, School of Graduate Studies Norwich University, Northfield, USA, 2008 http://www.mekabay.com/overviews/glossary.pdf
2. Glossary of Online Terms, The Economist, Updated http://ads.economist.com/fileadmin/PDFs/Glossary.pdf
3. Glossary of Selected Health Information Technology Terms, Pinellas County Health Dept., USA, Undated http://www.pinellashealth.com/RHIO/Terminology_Master.pdf
4. Glossary of Terms, ITU-infoDev ICT Regulation Toolkit, 2009 http://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/Glossary
5. National standards for adult literacy, numeracy and ICT, Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, UK, 2005 http://www.ifl.ac.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/6639/14130_national_standards_for_adu lt_literacy_numeracy_ict.pdf
6. Nortel Networks Security Glossary, Updated http://www.nortel.com/solutions/security/collateral/security_glossary.pdf 7. Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standard, Glossary, Abbreviations and Acronyms, PCI, Security Standards Council, Undated https://www.pcisecuritystandards.org/pdfs/pci_audit_procedures_v1-1.pdf
8. The E-Government Glossary, Practical Definitions, Explanations of Terms and List of Abbreviations, Federal Office for Information Security, Germany, 2002 https://www.bsi.bund.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/EN/BSI/Egovernment/6_EGloss_en_p df.pdf?__blob=publicationFile 9. The Gartner Glossary of Information Technology Acronyms and Terms, 2004 http://www.gartner.com/6_help/glossary/Gartner_IT_Glossary.pdf